If they both use the same type of charging port or either the micro USB or USB-C style, then yes you can.
I'm most definitely NOT a VZW employee. If a post answered your question, please mark it as the answer.
Great question, tsterling1962. The Smasung Galaxy Note 8 and the Samsung Galaxy Note 10+ both have Type C Charging ports, so they can use the same charging cable. EricaG_VZW